Projects on sanitation
Projects on sanitation in which IRC is involved.
For the past 3 decades, many development organisations used different approaches such as provision of latrines and subsidizing the cost of building toilets to help the poor people access sanitation facilities, but these approaches have not achieved the intended results as there are still a significant number of people without access to sanitation facilities.
Plan International with the assistance of IRC and IDS (UK) is working with communities in identifying barriers to accessing sanitation in Africa and exploring initiatives to ensure proper sanitation facilities are available to them. In February 2007, Plan RESA identified Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) as a viable approach for going to scale.
In January 2010, Plan launched a Euro 8.5 million Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) project in eight African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Malawi, Zambia, Ghana, Niger and Sierra Leone. With the backing of the Dutch government, this five-year project (till December 2014) dubbed “Empowering self-help sanitation of rural and peri-urban communities and schools in Africa,” was designed to promote and scale-up community based and school focused self-help sanitation approaches in Africa. The project is also intended to support communities’ aspirations to climb the ladder of sanitation by introducing Sanitation Marketing.
The 2010 - 2014 Sanitation, Hygiene And Water (SHAW) project is carried out within STBM, Indonesia’s national programme for Community-Led Total Sanitation with five ‘pillars’ on sanitation and hygiene practices. Within STBM, SHAW is looked at further developing Indonesia’s innovative approaches to promoting, monitoring and documenting behavioural change in sanitation and hygiene and building district and village capacities for developing, implementing and managing well-sustained district-wide sanitation and hygiene programmes.
LeaPPS contributed to improved sanitation and hygiene programmes by sharing and learning at district and local levels. This programme ran in four districts of Uganda: Kyenjojo, Kamwenge, Arua and Koboko and has been completed.
Sanitation can play a role in people's livelihoods in a number of ways, through the reuse of wastewater, or of dried human faeces. The WASPA (wastewater agriculture and sanitation for poverty alleviation) programme looks particularly at wastewater reuse.
The UN-Habitat Sustainable Cities Programme has a component on Basic Urban Services, i.e. sanitation and water services. IRC is taking the lead on this Basic Urban Services (BUS) for the period 2003-2008. The emphasis will be on demonstration and scaling-up processes in several cities in different countries, the anchoring of strategies, methods and approaches in local institutions for future capacity building, and the documenting, sharing and using of these different experiences and lessons learned.
Woman, Wellbeing, Work, Waste and Sanitation, known as 4WS, is an action research project on alternative strategies of environmental sanitation and waste management for improved health and socio-economic development in peri-urban coastal communities in South Asia. This is an INCO-DEV project from the EU.