Water supply and sanitation in emergency situations
Updated - Tuesday 02 February 2010
A selection of fact sheets and key documents available online and in hard copy dealing with emergency water supply and sanitation.
In natural disasters, cadavers pose no threat of disease, PAHO, 23 Sep 2004
This press release includes links to relevant journal articles and the book “Management of Dead Bodies in Disaster Situations”
WHO/SEARO (2004). List of guidelines for health emergency
Fact sheets and sections of relevant publications, including:
-- Water - guidelines on emergency water treatment methods and disinfection, rehabilitation of water supply systems and minimum water requirements;
-- Sanitation - guidelines on emergency sanitation, hygiene promotion and solid waste management.
WEDC technical briefs
Emergency sanitation for refugees (PDF)
Emergency water supply (PDF)
In: Shaw, R. (1999). Running water : more technical briefs for health, water and sanitation. London, UK, IT Publications
Key documents available online
Harvey, P.A. ; Baghri, S. ; Reed, R.A. (2002). Emergency sanitation : assessment and programme design. Loughborough, UK : WEDC, Loughborough University of Technology.
Click on the title. The appearing page contains a description and order information, please scroll down to access the online reference copy.
- Lacarin, C.J. ; Reed, R.A. (2004). Emergency vector control using chemicals : a handbook for relief workers. 2nd edition. Loughborough, UK : WEDC, Loughborough University of Technology.
Oxfam (2000). Oxfam guidelines and manuals on water and sanitation
Includes: Water treatment guidelines; Excreta disposal guidelines; Coagulation and disinfection manual; Water pumping manual; Water storage manual; Water filtration manual; Water distribution manual; Hand-dug well manual
- Oxfam (2001). Guidelines for public health promotion in emergencies . Oxford, UK : Oxfam.
- Reed, B. ; House, S. (1997). Emergency water sources : guidelines for selection and treatment . Loughborough, UK : WEDC, Loughborough University of Technology.
Sphere Project (2003). The Sphere project : humanitarian charter and minimum standards in disaster response . Rev. ed. Geneva, Switzerland : The Sphere Project.
Especially: Chap. 2 : Minimum standards in water supply, sanitation and hygiene promotion
- Wisner, B. ; Adams, J. (2002). Environmental health in emergencies and disasters : a practical guide. Geneva, Switzerland : World Health Organization (WHO).
Key documents in hard copy
Davis, J. ; Lambert, R. ; (2002). Engineering in emergencies : a practical guide for relief workers . 2nd ed.. London, UK : Intermediate Technology Development Group.
Price: GBP 26.95. Order information.
Ferron, S. ; Morgan, J. ; O'Reilly, M. (2000). Hygiene promotion : a practical manual for relief and development. London, UK : IT Publications.
Price: GBP 13.95. Order information
For a complete list you can also search in IRCDOC, the IRC online library catalogue, on the subjects:
emergency operations OR camps
Key websites and organisations (see below)
A selection of key international organisations and networks active in emergency water supply and sanitation.
Key websites and databases related to emergency water supply and sanitation